Known as a sweet orange, Valencia Oranges are on average, 2-3/4 to 3 inches in diameter. Valencia’s have a bright orange color and produce 0 to 6 seeds in each fruit.
You can find Valencia Oranges blossoming in the months between March and June. Valencia oranges are able to adapt in various climates, so they can be grown in many different states and countries. Some types that are available for planting are the Rohde Red Valencia, which has a superior peel that is internally flesh colored.
About 50% of citrus fruit produced are Valencia oranges. It is also the main variety being produced in Florida today.
There are usually two crops after blossoming on the tree - old and new. Its best quality is internally, which is very juicy and sweet, making it a great option for both processed markets and fresh markets. You will rarely find Valencia being harvested before a freeze hit, since it is a late variety.
Most of the hedging is done before or after the harvesting of the crop, but must be done frequently during the same time annually - this helps to prevent having to remove a lot of fruit and wood.
When you’re picking out a selection of Valencia oranges, make sure that they are firm and heavy. It is best to get those that are thin-skinned and smooth. Make sure there are no bruises, mold or other irregularities on them. As Valencia oranges begin to fully ripen, they become a golden color.
During the warm seasons, while the oranges are still on the tree, their skin reabsorbs chlorophyll from the leaves, which causes them to turn green again - this begins at the stem. At this point, the oranges are actually ready, sweet and juicy.